The Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, defines an HBCU as: " ... any historically black college or university that was established prior to 1964, whose principal mission was, and is, the education of black Americans, and that is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association determined by the Secretary [of Education] to be a reliable authority as to the quality of training offered or is, according to such an agency or association, making reasonable progress toward accreditation."
Some inspiring facts about HBCUs include:
- Over half of all African American professionals are graduates of HBCUs.
- Nine of the top ten colleges that graduate the most African Americans who go on to earn Ph.D.s are HBCUs.
- More than 50% of the nation’s African American public school teachers and 70% of African American dentists earned degrees at HBCUs.
- Spelman College and Bennett College produce over half of the nation’s African American female doctorates in all science fields.
Below, I have provided a brief listing of the HBCUs in North Carolina. North Carolina has eleven HBCU's, including the oldest in the South, Raleigh's Shaw University, founded in 1865.
1. Barber-Scotia College, Concord, North Carolina (www.b-sc.edu/) ; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barber-Scotia_College
2. Bennett College, Greensboro, NC (www.bennett.edu)
3. Elizabeth City State University, Elizabeth City, NC (www.ecsu.edu)
4. Fayetteville State University, Fayetteville, NC (www.uncfsu.edu)
5. Johnson C. Smith University, Charlotte, NC (www.jcsu.edu)
6. Livingstone College, Salisbury, NC (www.livingstone.edu)
7. North Carolina A & T State University, Greensboro, NC (www.ncat.edu) (my ALMA MATER)
8. North Carolina Central University, Durham, NC (www.nccu.edu)
9. St. Augustine's College, Raleigh, NC (www.st-aug.edu/)
10. Shaw University, Raleigh, NC (www.shawuniversity.edu)
11. Winston-Salem State University, Winston-Salem, NC (www.wssu.edu)
Sources: http://www.dll.org/HBCUs/gateway_files/FAQs.asp (Howard University's Digital Learning Lab); http://www.uncf.org/ (United Negro College Fund); http://statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us/nc/educated/hbcu.htm
(The State Library of North Carolina)